Joseph Livesey

Joseph Livesy

The Temperance Movement was a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. At first, temperance usually involved a promise not to drink spirits and members continued to consume wine and beer. In 1832 Joseph Livesy founded the Preston Temperance Society, where he pressed the issue of total abstinence which later became known at Teetotalism. This movement then led to the establishment of the British Association for the Promotion of Temperance in 1835, and temperance was soon adopted by working class movements fighting for the right to vote, who hoped abstinence would lend them an air of respectability.

Attempts to limit Sunday opening hours and introduce full scale prohibition were drawn up by politicians in the 1850s but never made it through Parliament. Despite this setback a number of religious organisations continued to lobby politicians for restrictions or bans on the sale of alcohol. .

The closest Britain came to prohibition was during the First World War, when pub hours became subject to licenses, the alcohol content of alcohol was reduced and tax on alcohol was raised. Many breweries were also transformed into munitions factories and nationalised, limiting the supply of alcohol in Britain.

The most famous example of the influence of temperance is Maine Road, the former Manchester City stadium. It took its title from a road named after the 1953 American Maine Law, a statute that restricted the sale of alcohol in the state of Maine

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